Zoe Akins (20-10-1886, Humansville, Missouri, USA)

From WikipediaZoë Akins (October 30, 1886 – October 29, 1958) was aPulitzer Prize-winning American playwright, poet, and author.In the early 1930s, Akins became more active in film,writing several screenplays as well as licensing minor adaptations of herwork—such as The Greeks Had a Word for It which was adapted twice, in 1932 (asThe Greeks Had a Word for Them) and 1938 (as Three Blind Mice) – neither was ahit. Two highlights of this period are the films Sarah and Son (1930) andMorning Glory (1933), the latter film remade as Stage Struck. While both filmsearned their respective female leads (Ruth Chatterton and Katharine Hepburn)Academy Award nominations, neither was enough to launch Akins' career.Finally, Akins received recognition. In 1935, she wasawarded the Pulitzer Prize for Drama for her dramatization of Edith Wharton'sThe Old Maid, a melodrama set in New York City and written in five episodesstretching across time from 1839 to 1854. A film version of The Old Maidfollowed in 1939, starring Bette Davis.Akins also adapted the Alexandre Dumas novel, La dame auxcamélias which was adapted into the film Camille in 1936. The film starred GretaGarbo, Robert Taylor, and Lionel Barrymore, and earned Garbo her third Oscarnomination.To Akins' surprise, she was thrust into notoriety again in1953, when Jean Negulesco directed an adaptation of The Greeks Had a Word forIt. The film, titled How to Marry a Millionaire, became a box office sensationand helped launch the career of its star, Marilyn Monroe. Monroe's role in theAkins' play helped the rising star become a cultural icon, and encouraged Akinsto pursue a short stint as a writer for several television variety programs.

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